In Crowdview this week we ask whether that expected rate of income return is actually good enough to justify the very obvious risks of investing in the space. But before we explore that theme lets remind the Crowdview reader of what those range of returns look like in practice.
The table below gives the advertised headline rates on offer from a wide range of alternative finance providers. Most of the rates are ‘net rates’ after allowing for losses but the actual detailed analysis of the returns varies between platforms and needs to be treated with some caution.
As you can see the returns range enormously between a low of 2.9% for Ratesetter’s one month product through to over 10% for some smaller SME borrowers. We’ve also included some distinct ‘products’ including Wellesley and Co’s mini-bonds. It’s important to say that in this range of yields you need to understand the following facts:
The underlying borrower varies enormously from consumers (largely) at Ratesetter and Zopa to businesses with the likes of Funding Circle (and its much smaller competitor FundingKnight) through to Buy to Let landlords targeted by the likes of Landbay
Some of these platforms have seen hundreds of millions of transactions, others just tens of millions
A few platforms offer loans that have some asset backing (property backed products spring to mind) and an even smaller number offer some form of protection fund. These protection funds may or may not insure you against future losses
The returns quoted are from an industry that is fast expanding and thus any statistics quoted are likely to be based on past trends not on the future flows of money
The length of loans varies enormously from one month (in Ratesetters case) through to five years (for most of the platforms). Put simply the longer the length of the loan, the higher the probably income yield.
Range of Alternative Finance Platform Yields
Ratesetter: 1 month
Landbay Tracker mortgage product
Wellesley and Co : 30 day
Zopa estimated return for 3 years
Wellesley and Co : 18 months
Ratesetter: 1 year
Landbay 3 year mortgage product
Wellesley and Co: 3 years
Zopa estimated return for 5 years
AltFi Data LARI index : composite returns for last 12 months
Wellesley and Co: 5 years
Ratesetter: 3 year
Wellesley and Co Mini Bond 3 years (plus additional 1% cashback)
Ratesetter: 5 year
Lendinvest (average quoted return in aggregate to date)
FundingCircle (2015 estimated annual return at origination)
Wellesely and Co Mini Bond 5 years (plus additional 1.5% cashback)
FundingKnight (all loans)
Assetz Capital (average gross quoted return)
If you can’t be bothered to scrutinise all these yields in detail check out the chart below which shows the yields in a broad spectrum. The key number on this chart in my opinion, is the one entitled the AltFi Data LARI index which crunches masses of loans outstanding for Zopa,Ratesetter and FundingCircle. It currently shows a blended, all in return (in yield) of 5.15% pa across these platforms.
Given this huge range of potential returns, what does the alternative look like i.e the conventional income investment space? In simple terms investors should probably expect an interest rate of just 0.50% as well as a range of between 1 and 3% for mainstream income based products. Our own guesstimate is that the current yield on offer from three different sources give you a sensible benchmark. These are:
An iShares exchange traded fund that invests in the full range of UK government securities (from 1 month to thirty years) produces an average running yield of 2.13%
Another iShares exchange traded fund investing in a wide range of sterling corporate bonds yields 2.62%
Lastly a widely followed savings account called the Investec High Five deposit account (now closed, and only ever available for wealthier clients) which pays out the average of the top 5 gross interest rates from bigger banks and building societies published in the best buy tables on the Moneyfacts website and based on a three month notice account. This is currently paying 1.28% pa.
Range of 'conventional' investments
UK Government 1 month duration securities
UK Government 1 year securities
LIBOR 3 month interbank interest rate
UK Government 3 year securities
30 days’ notice UK Savings account
UK Government 5 year securities
1 year UK Savings bond
UK Government securities ETF tracker (all maturities)
3 year UK Savings bond
UK Sterling Corporate Bond ETF Tracker (all maturities)
5 year UK Savings bond
AltFi Risk/Return Premium
The reason we’be mapped out this spectrum of returns is because we think investors need to think in an adult way about the risk return trade off of investing in the altfi lending space. That term – a trade off – forces u
s to use another slightly more jargon based term called the estimated risk premium for investing in the sector. This simply describes the extra yield per annum you receive for investing in P2P loans.
This concept of a risk premium is widely understood within the boring world of conventional investment – investors are used to the idea for instance that supposedly risk free assets like government securities (gilts) can give you around 2 to 2.5% per annum. Investors in shares (equities) by contrast can expect to receive an extra return of between 3 and 5% per annum over the long term. That return will vary enormously year by year, and will incorporate lots of ups and downs but overall shares should return 5 to 7% per annum (that 3 to 5% risk premium). But let’s be honest - this premium is needed to pay for the risks of investing in volatile stockmarkets, especially if you’re largely relying on a capital gain over a 10 to 20 year time frame.
What’s the risk premium, using our headline numbers, for investing P2P loans? We use two estimates – one a real hard number, the other a very rough guestimate.
The first is the return from the LARI index, currently at 5.15%.
The second is our guestimate for investing beyond the three platforms tracked in the LARI – this comprises the long tail of smaller platforms that lend money to myriad different types of investor. There is no current empirical way of gauging this return from what we call The Next Tier of platforms – although the AltFi Data is feverishly working away on it – but our guess would be that annual return of around 7.5% is possible or even probable. This assumes that some platforms can self-evidently return more than 10% per annum while others (arguably less risky, and usually asset backed) return under 5%. This 7.5% number is also consistent with the estimates produced by big funds that put money to work in this space such as Eaglewood Capital’s P2P Global Investments.
If we use these two benchmarks we estimate that the risk premium for lending money in this space is between 2.5% pa and 5%. The lower the yield (the LARI), the lower the probable risks but these numbers will vary hugely over time, over different interest rates and will be very dependent on how individual platforms cope with future risk.
Government Securities (all maturities – iShares ETF)
Corporate Bonds (all maturities – iShares ETF)
3 Year Savings Bond
FTSE 100 Dividend Yield
Overall estimated lower risk return
Estimated “Next Tier” Yield
Estimated Premium over bonds : LARI constituents
Estimated Premium over bonds: Next Tier
The $64 million question is whether these risk premiums (2.5% and 5%) are worth the ‘bother’ i.e is that extra yield enough to justify the risk of P2P lending given what we can reasonably expect from more boring, conventional investments?
Our own take on this is two-fold. The first is that it largely depends on you, the investor, and your own needs. Many investors might need an income and that extra 2.5% return might be hugely important. For others this extra return might not be enough – they might want a much higher extra return.
Empirically we’d argue that the risk premium for P2P lending should be closer to the return from investing in shares. Although these alternative finance platforms are ‘lending’ businesses, we suspect their risk profile puts them much closer to the risk levels on offer from equities. We’d hope that over the longer term P2P loans should offer investors a risk premium of closer to 5% per annum, on average over the longer term. Current levels for the more established, bigger platforms strike us a little on the low side.