It’s still possible to earn double-digit returns from P2P without excessive risk. Look beyond the trends and big data and you can uncover some lucrative gems, writes CapitalStackers' Simon Sinclair.
CapitalStackers' marketing and communications director Simon Sinclair gives his take on AltFi’s Peer-to-Peer State of the Market report.
The report largely based its melancholy conclusions on the slackening growth in the Big Four—Zopa, Funding Circle, RateSetter and MarketInvoice—which gives you a summation that, while statistically correct, is incomplete and unhelpful to the investor. A bit like telling us all cars are unreliable because you once owned an Austin Allegro.
Yes, the Big Four comprise the lion’s share of the market, but they also cover a limited field of vision—that is, they chiefly deal in unsecured loans, or those not secured on easily identified concrete assets (with the exception of RateSetter’s property book).
BondMason announced recently that it was pulling out of P2P due to these diminishing returns. However, for the sake of other investors, Mr Findlay contended that net returns in the 3%-6% range are achievable today at acceptable levels of risk and that the market is settling into a low-to-medium risk spectrum.
“I still think there are some good opportunities to earn attractive risk-adjusted returns,” he wrote, “but probably at the more conservative end of the market”.
It should be noted, however, that peer lending covers a £6 billion universe and BondMason’s exposure was around £50 million, so there’s still a lot of good stuff to explore.
Had Mr Findlay looked at some of the smaller platforms, he might have found reasons to be a little more bullish. There are still opportunities for canny investors to make double-digit returns without going on a white knuckle ride of high risk. Just because a return is high doesn’t mean you’re at the crazy end of the market.
On the other hand, it’s equally possible to earn under 6 per cent and have the investment catching fire in your hands. High returns aren’t the only yardstick.
It’s possible, for instance, to find platforms where you can lend to developers sitting on a reassuring chunk of equity and with Loan-to-Value ratios as low as 55%—and yet still make double-digit returns in the time it takes to convert an old warehouse into upmarket flats.
It’s also possible to find platforms that are totally transparent and view regular and granular reporting as the duty of care it is, rather than an onerous and grudging requirement.
The AltFi report is broad in its scope, but doesn’t get granular with opportunities like these—so the nervous investor, led by pronouncements that lump together such diverse “property lending” products as bridging loans, buy-to-let mortgages and development finance, might think that all real estate P2P is going to hell in a handcart.
“The sector is becoming more and more fraught with uncertainty,” reports Damien Webb, an insolvency specialist “Many of the alternative finance lenders have focused on markets that are underserved by traditional lenders or in spaces where traditional lenders do not operate. Banks and traditional lenders retreated from these areas due to the issues and losses they experienced during and after the financial crisis and consequently regard them as high risk.”
An alternative view might be that it’s possible to invest in platforms that work in tandem with the banks, partnering on deals whose risk the banks have every confidence in, allowing the banks to take the liquidity risk, and also to benefit from due diligence that is as tight and in many cases more thorough than most banks.
Mr Webb laments that the elements of the business lending market he’s come across professionally are often characterised by limited data, which makes underwriting inherently difficult or challenging.
He bases these insights on “his own experience of dealing with impaired business loan books”. He goes on to write about property lending in particular, whose yields “have fallen dangerously low during Britain’s long property boom”.
“In Birmingham, for example,” he says, “five years ago it was possible to achieve residential yields of 7 per cent to 8 per cent. You would be lucky now to get between 4 per cent and 5 per cent. People are investing in development projects on the basis of these low yields.”
Of course, this sounds like he’s talking about returns from property purchase, in which case, he may be correct. However, this is a far cry from investment through property development lending, in which area, investors have been comfortably pocketing 10-20% over recent months, on very acceptable Loan-to-Value ratios. Again, you just have to know where to look.
Likewise, Mr Webb’s complaints that P2P platforms don’t own their assets and loans can’t be sold to retrieve capital will be met with puzzled looks by CapitalStackers investors who trade their loans openly in the platform’s secondary marketplace.
Yes, it’s easy to look at big data and find patterns that frighten you. But big data isn’t always the best way to find smart investments. As they say, when the world zigs, zag.
So rather than wring their hands about the bad operators in this market (and some of them were—and almost certainly are—very bad), the astute investor can find opportunities by looking through the leaden headlines to find the gold in the cracks between.
Of course, there are risks in any investment market, and in property development the biggest risk—not necessarily the most likely, but the biggest—is the possibility of property values crashing more than 25%, burning through the comfort blanket and leaving lenders facing a loss.
And of course, this kind of financial apocalypse is entirely possible—but then, all risk should be priced in by prudent platforms, and it makes sense to check this before investing.
However, in property-based crowdfunding, fortune can still very much favour the lateral thinker. So don’t be put off by the headline rates; don’t automatically assume that high returns mean high risk; and above all, don’t swallow whole what the experts tell you.
Even when the whole world feels like it’s going to hell in a handcart, someone, somewhere is making money out of it.
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